Second Infantry Division

History of the 2nd Infantry Division:
The Second Infantry Division is the only division in the history of the United States Army to be formed on foreign soil. Formed at Beaumont, France on October 26, 1917 it was comprised at the time of the US Army's 9th and 23rd Infantry Regiments and the 5th and 6th Regiments United States Marine Corps. During World War One the division partipated in the Aisne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, and Aisne-Marne campaigns, and suffered 1,964 killed in action and 9,782 wounded in action. On November 11, 1918 the war ended and the division served in occupational duty in Germany until April 1919 when it returned to the United States.  
  The Second Division's arrival in the United States saw it being stationed at Ft. Sam Houston, Tx. where it remained for the next 23 years. In 1940 it became the first division to convert from a "square" command to a "triangular" command giving up her two Marine Regiments buy gaining the 38th Infantry Regiment (Bearing the motto "The Rock of the Marne"), from the Third Infantry Division.

In October 1943 the division was deployed to Ireland in preparation for the upcoming allied invasion of Europe. On D-Day +1, the division stormed ashore at Omaha Beach .

The Second Division was in every major action of World War Two and VE Day saw the division in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia.
The Second Infantry Division arrived at Ft. Swift, Tx. on July 22, 1945 to began training for a possible invasion of Japan. World War Two ended before the division could be sent to the Pacific. All in all, the division participated in the Normandy, Northern France, the Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and the Central Europe Campaigns of World War Two. The Division suffered 3,031 killed in action and 12,785 wounded in action during that war.

On March, 28, 1946, the division moved on next to Camp Stoneman, Ca. and then to Ft. Lewis, Wa. on April 15, 1946. At the time, it was in a training mode until the summer of 1950 when it became the first division of the US Army to arrive in Pusan, Korea on July 23, 1950 directly from the United States.

The division became the first US Army unit to breakout from the Pusan perimeter and led the US Eighth Armies drive to the Manchurian border. Once the Chinese entered the war and pushed back the UN forces, the division covered the rear flank of the retiring US Eighth Army. The Second Division left Korea for Ft. Lewis, Wa. on August 20, 1954.

In August of 1955 the Second Division was transferred to Alaska where it remained until November 8, 1957 when the Department of the Army announced it's deactivation. This time of inactivity was short lived, for in the spring of 1958 the Department of Army announced that it was re-activating the division at it's new home of Ft. Benning, Ga. It stayed at Ft. Benning, Ga. until July 1965 when it was sent to the DMZ of the Korean peninsula where it remains today. The Second Infantry Division's headquarters is at Camp Red Cloud, Korea. In 2004, the Second Brigade of the division has trained on the US Army's new striker vehicle and was deployed to Iraq .

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